A translation is a slide or shift in an object that can be achieved by performing two composite reflections over parallel lines. They are isometric and preserve orientation. it moves along a vector where each vertex and its image moves the same distance and are parallel to the vector. To construct a translation without a coordinate plane you must construct a line that is parallel to the vector of translation that goes through one of the vertices. This line must be the same length as the vector. after you do this you plot a point at the the end of the line and you label it. you then do this again for every other vertex on the shape. Once you plot all the points you connect them and then you have the a translated figure.