If 4 points in a plane are joined in pairs by 6 distinct lines, they are called the vertices of a complete quadrangle, and the lines are its 6 sides. Two sides are said to be opposite is their common point is not a vertex. The common point of two opposite sides is called a diagonal point. There are 3 diagonal points. In Figure 1.4A, the quadrangle is PQRS, its sides are
PS, QS, RS
QR, RP, PQ,
and its diagonal points are
A, B, C.