Incircle of a quadrilateral
One of the four circles below is the incircle of the quadrilateral: the largest circle that will fit within the four-sided shape. Construction:
- Extend the sides of the quadrilateral to form two triangles
- Draw the incircles of these two triangles (the centres are the intersections of the angle bisectors]
- At least one of these two circles will lie within the quadrilateral (prove this!).
- If there were a larger circle in the quadrilateral, then this circle would also be contained in both triangles, but be larger than the incircle of one. This gives a contradiction.
- What is the connection with a cyclic quadrilateral?
- Is there any significance to the other two circles?
- Generalise the idea of an incircle to n-gons.